1.一般过2113去式句子的句式构造:

主语5261 + 动词过去4102式( be 动词的1653过去式/ 行动动词的过去式)

如:

She was a student two years ago.

她两年前是学生。

We were on the farm last week.

我们上周在农场。

We sang at the party yesterday.

我们昨天在派对上唱歌。

否认情势:

①was/were+not;

②在行动动词前加didn t,同时还原行动动词。

2.一般将来时句式构造:

确定句:I/We shall/will go. You/He/She/They Will go.

否认句:I/We shall/will not go. You/He/She/They Will not go.

疑问句:Shall I/we go? Will you/he/she/they go?

简单答复:

确定答复:Yes,主语 shall/will.

否认答复:No,主语 shall/will not.

特别疑问句:一般将来时的特别疑问句是将疑问词放在句首,后接一般疑问句(就主语提问时,以疑问词who开头的疑问词除外) 

例子:Why will you be here on sunday?

I will have a meeting on sunday.

(1)常见构造:

(a)will / shall 动词本相

这种方式一般单纯地表现将来某个时光将要产生的动作或存在的状况。will用于各种人称;shall只用于第一人称。 

例如 : I will / shall go to visit him next week. 下周我将去访问他。

What time shall we go there tomorrow? 明天我们几点去那儿?

(b)be going to 动词本相

be going to 相当于一个助动词(其中be有人称和数的变更),与它后面的动词本相一起构成谓语。用来表现近期将要产生的动作或存在的状况,以及打算、部署、盘算要做的事。

例如: There is going to be a football match this afternoon.今天下午将有一场足球赛。

(2)常用构造

(a)用于 I expect, I m sure, I think, I wonder 宾语从句 中。

Don t worry about the exam. I m sure you ll pass.

不要担忧这次测验,我确信你会通过的。

I wonder what will happen.

我不知道将会产生什么事。

I don t think the test will be very difficult.

我想这次考试不会太难。

(b)用于 祈使句 and陈术句 中。

Work hard and you will succeed.

如果你尽力,就会胜利的。

Go at once and you will see her.

马上去,你就会面到她了。

(c)与表现时光或条件的状语从句连用。

I ll let you know as soon as he arrives.

他一到我就通知你。

If you ask him, he will help you.

如果你请他,他会辅助你的。

3.一般疑问句句式构造:

(1)主语+be动词+表语构造

变一般疑问句,把be动词提前,即be动词+主语+表语构造?

例:Mr. White is a very good teacher.-- Is Mr. White a very good teacher?

(2)主语+动词+其他

当句子为一般现在时,在句首加do或does,并且把动词变为本相,即Do/Does+主语+动词本相+其他?

例:He loves playing football with his friends.-- Does he love playing football with his friends?

句子为一般过去时,在句首加did,句子变成 Did+主语+动词+其他?

例:Tom s sister graduated from high school last year.-- Did Tom s sister graduate from high school last year?

(3)主语+情态动词+动词+其他

将情态动词提前,句子变成 情态动词+主语+动词本相+其他?

例:I can drive a car.-- Can you drive a car?

(4)主语+have/has+动词过去分词+其他

将have/has提前,句子变成have/has+主语+动词过去分词+其他

例:The students have done their homework.-- Have the students done their homework?


一般过去2113将来时表现从过去的某一时光来看将5261来要产生的动作或存在的状况。过去将4102来时常用于宾语从句和间接1653引语中。 一般过去将来时的动身点是过去,即从过去某一时刻看以后要产生的动作或状况。
确定句:主语+be(was,were)going to+动词本相+其它 否认句:主语+be(was,were)not going to+动词本相+其它 疑问句:Be(Was,Were)+主语+going to+动词本相+其它 确定句:主语+would(should)+动词本相+其它 否认句:主语+would(should)not+动词本相 +其它
疑问句:Would(Should)+主语+动词本相+其它
过去将来时的构造 1同一般将来时,把系动词be变为过去式,把will,shall变为过去式。
例句:I didn t know if he would come.
=I didn t know if he was going to come.
我不知道他是否会来。
She was sixty-six. In three years,she would be sixty-nine.
她66岁了。三年后,她是69岁。
She told us that she would not go with us,if it rained.
她告知我们,如果下雨,她就不和我们一起去了。
I didn t know how to do it. What would be their ideas?
我不知如何去做,他们会有什么想法呢?
2.过去将来时常可用来表现过去习惯性的动作。此时,不管什么人称,一律用would。
过去将来时有时可带时光状语
注意
1 was/were going to + 动词本相 或 was/were +动词不定式完成式 可表现未能实现的过去将来时光的动作。
2was/were about to do
was/were about to do 表现说话的瞬间就会产生的动作。
3was/were on the point of doing
提醒 be about to do 和 be on the point of doing 构造一般不与表现将来的时光状语连用,但后面可以接when领导的分句。

望采用
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